20 km from the Cape Verde Peninsula and 30 km from Dakar, capital of Senegal, is an amazing natural phenomenon — the Pink lake or Retba, as it is called representatives of the people Wolof, the main ethnic groups in the country. The size of a giant bowl with a bright pink water reaches up to 3 sq. km. the Maximum depth does not exceed 3 meters.
The name of the lake derives from the special color of the water, which ranges from light pink to brown. The reason for the unique color of the water is a large amount of cyanobacteria in the lake are ancient organisms that appeared on Earth 3.5 billion years ago. Surprisingly, except for them in this saturated salt solution no other organic life. The salt concentration in the lake Retba almost 1.5 times more than in the Dead sea – 380 grams per liter. Salt production takes place since 1970.
Now people extract the salt, standing to his neck in water, but 20 years ago the lake was moving without boats, the water level reached the belt. But because mining a huge amount of salt (about 25 thousand tons per year), the depth of the lake was rapidly increasing.
Every morning dozens of local men with the necessary equipment, floating in the middle of the lake and climb in very salty water. They break the salt deposits at the bottom Continue reading
The largest lake of the Balkan Peninsula — Skadar — is located on the territory of two States, and the majority (around 2/3 of the lake) this unique natural site belongs to Montenegro, and the rest — Albania. From both countries the lake and the surrounding land are considered strictly protected and are under state protection, so the Montenegrin coast of Skadar lake was declared a national Park.
Location: lake Skadar is located in the South-Eastern part of Montenegro on the land of three municipalities: Podgorica. Cetinje and Bar .
The main wealth of the Skadar lake — its unique flora and fauna
Skadar lake is situated in Zeta-Skadar valley, between the Dinaric highlands on one side and the mountain range Prokletije. Its length — is 43 km and width is 26 km. It has an elongated nature, an extremely rugged coastline, much of which is swampy, and the many Islands (up to 50). The average depth of the lake — 6 m, although there are areas with depth up to 60 meters (underwater keys or «eye»). The surface area of the lake varies from 390 km2 in the dry seasons up to 530 km2 at the high water period, such a spill due to the low water level and large swampy lowlands along the edges of the lake.
The lake has a flowing Continue reading
Red lake salt lake in Bolivia
We have already talked about the unusual lakes in the Andes earlier. It was a well-known lake Titicaca. In Bolivia on the high plateau there is still salt and fresh lakes. One of them has the name Colorado Lagoon (Laguna Colorado) or red lake.
It is surrounded by misty cliffs and boiling geysers. The second nearby Laguna Verde (Laguna Verde) has the green color of the water. Next to these lakes, stretches of sea salt. This solar de Juni, a huge salt flat. Once in its place was the waters of the ancient lake. Now only a swift breeze rolls salt dunes on the dune. The thickness of the minerals can reach six meters. Walk on it quite a dangerous occupation, because the salt marsh is possible to fail. As we walking on the frozen lake in winter.
Red lake of the Cordillera
A wonderful place where the land is perceived as a Mirage. The lake shining in the sun sometimes it is just an ice desert. Night stars exactly light up the purple sky and surrounding mountain scenery. Not every fiction writer, describing the planet, Mars has a paint that is of a local nature.
Near Laguna Colorado begins a local landmark national Park Eduardo (Eduardo Avaroa). The lake water is red brick and very salty. The water acquires a red color because of plankton and trace Continue reading