South America is the fourth but the largest continent on Earth. Its Northern shores are washed by the warm waters of the Caribbean sea, and the extreme southern tip of the island of Tierra del Fuego, divided between Argentina and Chile, lies in a cold, stormy Atlantic ocean. On the continent presents a great diversity of landscapes and climatic zones. Hot dusty steppe of the pampas stretch through the cattle country of Argentina and Uruguay. In the West tower of the mighty Andes, with cool fertile valleys, where coffee grows. Hot tacama desert of Northern Chile is one of the driest places on the planet. In Brazil, in the Amazon basin, the stretch impassable green jungle. There are in South America and vast lakes, and tall waterfalls, and rocky Islands.
The most humid of the continents. High mountains causes a variety of climates, the presence of altitudinal zonation. Equatorial zone occupies the Amazonian lowlands and the North-West coast. In the tropical zone of the Eastern part is influenced by the trade winds, on the coast of a lot of rainfall (2,000 mm), the difference in summer and winter, t minor. In the interior the rainfall is considerably less (1000-500 mm). The Pacific coast is under the influence of the cold Peru current. Here is one of the driest places in the world (the Atacama desert).
Subtropical zone. The Eastern part is humid Continue reading
Hearing the word «lake» we often represented a small pond. However, the largest lake on the planet look completely different than we imagine them to be.
At last, the tenth largest is lake Nyasa. It is situated simultaneously in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and in Africa. It is an area of 30.8 km2. The depth of 706 m. the lake is home To 230 species of fish. There are hippos, crocodiles.
In ninth place is the lake in Canada called Big Bear lake. Its height above sea level is m. An area of about 30,000 km, and depth is 137m. The only settlements on the lake are Delaine and Echo Bay.
In eighth place among the great lakes is the deepest lake of the planet — the Baikal. It is located in Eastern Siberia and is of tectonic origin. Width of Baikal lake from 25 — 80 km Depth m. More than half a year the lake is constrained by ice and ships can move only from June to September.
Seventh place at the Central lakes of Africa – Tanganyika. It was first discovered in 1858 by the English traveler R. Burton and his colleague J. The ACNP. The length of the lake is 650 km and in width it reaches 40 — 80 km Coastal landscapes are basically huge rocks. The lake is about 170 endemic species.
The Aral sea in sixth place among the largest lakes of the planet. Continue reading
The largest lake of the Balkan Peninsula — Skadar — is located on the territory of two States, and the majority (around 2/3 of the lake) this unique natural site belongs to Montenegro, and the rest — Albania. From both countries the lake and the surrounding land are considered strictly protected and are under state protection, so the Montenegrin coast of Skadar lake was declared a national Park.
Location: lake Skadar is located in the South-Eastern part of Montenegro on the land of three municipalities: Podgorica. Cetinje and Bar .
The main wealth of the Skadar lake — its unique flora and fauna
Skadar lake is situated in Zeta-Skadar valley, between the Dinaric highlands on one side and the mountain range Prokletije. Its length — is 43 km and width is 26 km. It has an elongated nature, an extremely rugged coastline, much of which is swampy, and the many Islands (up to 50). The average depth of the lake — 6 m, although there are areas with depth up to 60 meters (underwater keys or «eye»). The surface area of the lake varies from 390 km2 in the dry seasons up to 530 km2 at the high water period, such a spill due to the low water level and large swampy lowlands along the edges of the lake.
The lake has a flowing Continue reading