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South America

South America is the fourth but the largest continent on Earth. Its Northern shores are washed by the warm waters of the Caribbean sea, and the extreme southern tip of the island of Tierra del Fuego, divided between Argentina and Chile, lies in a cold, stormy Atlantic ocean. On the continent presents a great diversity of landscapes and climatic zones. Hot dusty steppe of the pampas stretch through the cattle country of Argentina and Uruguay. In the West tower of the mighty Andes, with cool fertile valleys, where coffee grows. Hot tacama desert of Northern Chile is one of the driest places on the planet. In Brazil, in the Amazon basin, the stretch impassable green jungle. There are in South America and vast lakes, and tall waterfalls, and rocky Islands.

The most humid of the continents. High mountains causes a variety of climates, the presence of altitudinal zonation. Equatorial zone occupies the Amazonian lowlands and the North-West coast. In the tropical zone of the Eastern part is influenced by the trade winds, on the coast of a lot of rainfall (2,000 mm), the difference in summer and winter, t minor. In the interior the rainfall is considerably less (1000-500 mm). The Pacific coast is under the influence of the cold Peru current. Here is one of the driest places in the world (the Atacama desert).

Subtropical zone. The Eastern part is humid Continue reading

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