South America is the fourth but the largest continent on Earth. Its Northern shores are washed by the warm waters of the Caribbean sea, and the extreme southern tip of the island of Tierra del Fuego, divided between Argentina and Chile, lies in a cold, stormy Atlantic ocean. On the continent presents a great diversity of landscapes and climatic zones. Hot dusty steppe of the pampas stretch through the cattle country of Argentina and Uruguay. In the West tower of the mighty Andes, with cool fertile valleys, where coffee grows. Hot tacama desert of Northern Chile is one of the driest places on the planet. In Brazil, in the Amazon basin, the stretch impassable green jungle. There are in South America and vast lakes, and tall waterfalls, and rocky Islands.
The most humid of the continents. High mountains causes a variety of climates, the presence of altitudinal zonation. Equatorial zone occupies the Amazonian lowlands and the North-West coast. In the tropical zone of the Eastern part is influenced by the trade winds, on the coast of a lot of rainfall (2,000 mm), the difference in summer and winter, t minor. In the interior the rainfall is considerably less (1000-500 mm). The Pacific coast is under the influence of the cold Peru current. Here is one of the driest places in the world (the Atacama desert).
Subtropical zone. The Eastern part is humid Continue reading
Hearing the word «lake» we often represented a small pond. However, the largest lake on the planet look completely different than we imagine them to be.
At last, the tenth largest is lake Nyasa. It is situated simultaneously in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and in Africa. It is an area of 30.8 km2. The depth of 706 m. the lake is home To 230 species of fish. There are hippos, crocodiles.
In ninth place is the lake in Canada called Big Bear lake. Its height above sea level is m. An area of about 30,000 km, and depth is 137m. The only settlements on the lake are Delaine and Echo Bay.
In eighth place among the great lakes is the deepest lake of the planet — the Baikal. It is located in Eastern Siberia and is of tectonic origin. Width of Baikal lake from 25 — 80 km Depth m. More than half a year the lake is constrained by ice and ships can move only from June to September.
Seventh place at the Central lakes of Africa – Tanganyika. It was first discovered in 1858 by the English traveler R. Burton and his colleague J. The ACNP. The length of the lake is 650 km and in width it reaches 40 — 80 km Coastal landscapes are basically huge rocks. The lake is about 170 endemic species.
The Aral sea in sixth place among the largest lakes of the planet. Continue reading
Water element of the planet: lakes and rivers
It is considered that the main distinctive feature of the lake water from sea and ocean is the absence of the salt. However, this is a common misconception. Actually there are salt lakes. But the fact that the lake is not connected to the oceans — this is the main difference from the seas.
The lake is a big bowl filled with water.
The deepest lake on Earth — lake Baikal.
But in Algeria there is a lake, which is called Ink. It with water as ink, can write on paper. The fact is that in this lake flow two rivers, the composition of the water which is such that, when combined, they turn into a liquid similar to ink.
But in Russia, in the Chelyabinsk region, there is a lake, where the water is saturated with soda. In this water you can easily wash without soap — all the spots “away” by themselves.
In Sicily there is a very dangerous lake, which is called ” lake of Death. It is dangerous for plants and animals. On its banks grows nothing, and any creature caught in its waters, dies. The fact is that on the bottom beat two sources of sulfuric acid, which poisons the water.
Did you know that the Dead sea — Continue reading