South America is the fourth but the largest continent on Earth. Its Northern shores are washed by the warm waters of the Caribbean sea, and the extreme southern tip of the island of Tierra del Fuego, divided between Argentina and Chile, lies in a cold, stormy Atlantic ocean. On the continent presents a great diversity of landscapes and climatic zones. Hot dusty steppe of the pampas stretch through the cattle country of Argentina and Uruguay. In the West tower of the mighty Andes, with cool fertile valleys, where coffee grows. Hot tacama desert of Northern Chile is one of the driest places on the planet. In Brazil, in the Amazon basin, the stretch impassable green jungle. There are in South America and vast lakes, and tall waterfalls, and rocky Islands.
The most humid of the continents. High mountains causes a variety of climates, the presence of altitudinal zonation. Equatorial zone occupies the Amazonian lowlands and the North-West coast. In the tropical zone of the Eastern part is influenced by the trade winds, on the coast of a lot of rainfall (2,000 mm), the difference in summer and winter, t minor. In the interior the rainfall is considerably less (1000-500 mm). The Pacific coast is under the influence of the cold Peru current. Here is one of the driest places in the world (the Atacama desert).
Subtropical zone. The Eastern part is humid Continue reading
The Abstract of the open lesson on the theme “Lake Baikal”
Synopsis open classes
Topic: lake Baikal – pearl of Siberia.
Preparation for school group
Objective: to acquaint children with the nature of lake Baikal
• Create a synopsis of reservoirs, find them on a map; to acquaint with peculiarities of oz. Baikal, its inhabitants; to teach to identify features of adaptation of animals to specific habitats (fish) ; to establish a simple causal relationship;
• To develop logical thinking, attention, dialog speech; fine motor skills; to increase vocabulary;
• To foster love and respect for nature and native land, to develop environmental activities.
Equipment: map of Irkutsk oblast, photographs and illustrations of the inhabitants of lake Baikal, the model for the structure of the fish cards for the didactic game “That is possible, what is not.”
Dictionary: the spawning, cold-water.
Integration of educational areas: reading of literature, communication, cognition, artistic creativity, socialization, health, physical culture.
Working with the map
-Look at the map. What are blue? (rivers, lakes) .
1. We say it flows.
We’re talking about – she plays.
She always Continue reading
The choice of the region
Age category site 18+
Lake of Altai: where better to go for a vacation?
As it turned out, the choice is huge. In the Altai region there are about 11 thousand lakes .
– Once melted the glacier and formed a belt forests and lakes, – told “Komsomolskaya Pravda” Vladimir Kirillov . head of the laboratory of aquatic ecology Institute of water and ecological problems Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. – Most of the lakes along the hollows of ancient river – in the steppe Altai .
The largest lake
The area of salt lakes of the Kulunda 728 square kilometers! It is even called Altai sea. Drive up to it from the village Znamenka Slavgorod district. From village to “the sea” three miles. Here come people who don’t like to push, and are looking for space, solitude and silence.
The most famous
The most famous lake in the Altai yarovoye lake. On the shore is interesting metal sculpture – a monument to the crustacean Artemia. It is said that in some countries, this tiny creature make extremely expensive drugs, one gram of which Continue reading