Our country is the largest in the territory. And correspondingly, many natural sites in Russia are exceptional and unique. And one of these magical places can definitely be considered the deepest lake in the world. It is, of course, about the lake Baikal which is in Siberia.
The most amazing and deepest lake in the world
The epithet “most-most” is best suited to lake Baikal. After all, it is the deepest lake in the world . as well as the deepest trench on Earth and the largest reservoir of the purest drinking water. Hard to imagine that the amount of collected water here he is ahead in several times North American Great lakes combined.
The area, which covers the deepest lake in the world Baikal . equal to a little less than 32 thousand square kilometers. The deepest point on the lake is measured at 1186 meters, the average depth of lake Baikal is more than 700 meters. By the way, not all lakes can boast even the maximum values of such depth.
Disputes about the deepest lake
Despite the fact that Baikal has long been recognized as the deepest lake, recently started to have some disputes about it. Some believe that the world’s deepest lake – Ladoga . But this statement is totally wrong. Because its depth is 230 meters, and therefore it is not included even Continue reading
20 km from the Cape Verde Peninsula and 30 km from Dakar, capital of Senegal, is an amazing natural phenomenon — the Pink lake or Retba, as it is called representatives of the people Wolof, the main ethnic groups in the country. The size of a giant bowl with a bright pink water reaches up to 3 sq. km. the Maximum depth does not exceed 3 meters.
The name of the lake derives from the special color of the water, which ranges from light pink to brown. The reason for the unique color of the water is a large amount of cyanobacteria in the lake are ancient organisms that appeared on Earth 3.5 billion years ago. Surprisingly, except for them in this saturated salt solution no other organic life. The salt concentration in the lake Retba almost 1.5 times more than in the Dead sea – 380 grams per liter. Salt production takes place since 1970.
Now people extract the salt, standing to his neck in water, but 20 years ago the lake was moving without boats, the water level reached the belt. But because mining a huge amount of salt (about 25 thousand tons per year), the depth of the lake was rapidly increasing.
Every morning dozens of local men with the necessary equipment, floating in the middle of the lake and climb in very salty water. They break the salt deposits at the bottom Continue reading
The largest lake of the Balkan Peninsula — Skadar — is located on the territory of two States, and the majority (around 2/3 of the lake) this unique natural site belongs to Montenegro, and the rest — Albania. From both countries the lake and the surrounding land are considered strictly protected and are under state protection, so the Montenegrin coast of Skadar lake was declared a national Park.
Location: lake Skadar is located in the South-Eastern part of Montenegro on the land of three municipalities: Podgorica. Cetinje and Bar .
The main wealth of the Skadar lake — its unique flora and fauna
Skadar lake is situated in Zeta-Skadar valley, between the Dinaric highlands on one side and the mountain range Prokletije. Its length — is 43 km and width is 26 km. It has an elongated nature, an extremely rugged coastline, much of which is swampy, and the many Islands (up to 50). The average depth of the lake — 6 m, although there are areas with depth up to 60 meters (underwater keys or «eye»). The surface area of the lake varies from 390 km2 in the dry seasons up to 530 km2 at the high water period, such a spill due to the low water level and large swampy lowlands along the edges of the lake.
The lake has a flowing Continue reading