Save the Salt lake
On the territory of Omsk region a lot of lakes (more than 16,000, including more than 250 salt), as well as wetlands. Each of them is unique. Salt lake is famous not only beautiful places, but its healing mud.
“. a dense birch forest, advancing from the South and East of Omsk, was often concealed in its lake with muddy shores and bottom, and the deaths have wandered in summer in the cattle pond (mud lake has sucking properties), the Scarecrow of local people and develop people’s imagination, reinforcing this lake a bad name and “Damn” name. ” from the book of doctor Korotkov E. V. (1924). Is the lake Salt other names: “the Bloody pit”, “Damn the tract”, “listen”. However, the notoriety and the horrific names are not prevented our ancestors to use the lake and “knowledgeable” a grandmother sent out to the treatments of their patients, treating horses and cattle (drove through the water and collapsing mud). The first scientific analysis of the composition of water and mud was carried out by Dr. United States in 1905. Later, in 1916, Omsk city laboratory, at the request of the doctor Lapteva V. P. made a more detailed examination. Based on the data of the medical Commission recognised a healing lake and reco La to create a resort on the shore “the more suburban location” she concluded. Help State archive of the Omsk region, on February 27, 1919 Ataman of the Metropolitan Cathedral, it was decided: “to Open a resort on the lake devil’s pit”. After the arrival of the Soviets to power (1923) the new administration has shown a keen interest in these places: Leninsky city Executive Committee appointed resort “Quarry”, with giving him the status of national importance. In 1910, the surroundings of the lake, rich Sands, were given to the railroad for career development, in this regard, the lake was officially known as the Quarry. To accommodate patients, were built barracks, dining hall, baths, balneary; daily resort serviced more than 150 patients. The resort treated diseases of the joints, various skin and gynecological diseases, diseases of the nervous system.
Is the Salty lake in a small valley. The former size of the lake was from North to South and 160 meters from East to West – 220 km, total area – 3 hectares, maximum depth of 2 m. a Characteristic feature of the composition of the lake water is its alkalinity and the content of carbonates with sulphides and chlorides. Salt is a powerful sediments, salt-bearing clay. Layers of clay are similar to continental formations and, according to experts, began to emerge in the period when the sea covering the Western-Siberia ‘ s plain in the tertiary era, separated in the North from the Arctic ocean and to the South of the Caspian and Black seas, became a separate shallow lakes, which was desalinated and dried. Time, sun, water and salt-bearing clay contributed to the emergence on the bottom of the basin of the unique lake with curative mud. According to research lab city sanitary and epidemiological, in the composition of the lake water include ammonia, sodium, iron, chlorine, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen, and the composition of the mud of the Salt lakes close to Lipetsk and North-Caucasian (Manych) mud.
The last official expedition of the staff of the Department of nature in 1997 revealed the changes that occurred to the lake over the past years: the lake water is greenish-yellow in color, cloudy, taste bitter; mud black, plastic with a sharp smell of hydrogen sulfide; the composition of the mud layer of the coastal zone is sand. The lake has receded, the process of paludification. There are heaps of rubbish, traces of vacationers. To preserve the unique lake, it was given the status of hydrological nature monument. Near the lake there is a busy road with asphalt. Close to the lake approached the urban garden, the shores and water of the lake littered with household and selskokhozyaystvenny wastes management. So far, the lake attracts numerous patients, vacationers and tourists, not only from the city, the region, but neighboring regions, including Kazakhstan. Masses of tourists trampling surrounding vegetation and almost destroyed a previously grown in the coastal zone of willow. Everywhere visible traces of camp-fires and piles of garbage, besides the garbage lying throughout the beach. In the summer it is possible to observe such picture: on one side of the lake are covered with mud patients, near fun drinking alcohol and grilled kebabs holidaymakers, frolic around children, on the opposite side of the pile of debris, and next wash the car. Si tion from the places of mass recreation beach is just filled with fuels and lubricants, which together with “spent” useful (!) water flowing in a unique lake!
In the year 2000. public organizations “We together”, “Young environmentalists” and “Civic duty” was conducted in small environmental force, but unfortunately, lack of funds prevented to clean up the rubbish from around the coast. This year September 8-10, rally “save the Salt lake”, which was attended by over 50 people. But successful campaigns to clean the lake a little, you need to rest and recovering understand: “it is Pure not there where clean, and there where do not litter!”