Baikal Day. Help
12 September is celebrated as a regional holiday – Day of Baikal.
Day Baikal established in 1999, after turning the lake into the UNESCO world natural heritage site by UNESCO and has since been annually celebrated on the fourth Sunday of August.
Over time the festival has received nationwide and worldwide recognition.
In 2008 the decree of the Legislative Assembly of the Irkutsk region “About the day of Baikal in the Irkutsk region” the celebration was moved to the second Sunday of September .
In 2010, the celebration of the Day of Baikal will be held in 15 municipalities of the Irkutsk region. Unique lake will be dedicated, magazine and book exhibitions, quizzes, drawing contests, theatrical performances, environmental games. Baikalo-Lensky reserve will hold an open Day in the Museum and final outputs of the action “March of parks”. At the Institute of geography, Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences held a round table “Development of ecotourism in the Baikal natural territory”.
In Irkutsk on September 12 – on the Day of Baikal – scheduled meetings with scientists baicaliidae, thematic literary Playground “Poetry of Baikal”, a procession along the embankment of the Angara river, the results of the contest “Seven pearls of the Baikal region” concert, event “After the holiday must be clean!”.
The event organizers have set a goal to instill in people a culture of recreation on the shores of the lake, to draw public attention to the necessity of solicitous attitude to the unique monument of nature.
“Holy sea”, “Holy lake”, “Holy water” – the so-called Baikal since time immemorial by the natives, and the Russians who came to its shores in the seventeenth century, and the traveling foreigners, bowing to his majestic unearthly beauty.
Baikal – the deepest lake in the world. Its average depth is about 730 m. the First time it was exactly calculated by Gleb Vereshchagin in the 1930s, the deepest known depth of Baikal – 1637 m.
The area of lake Baikal 31.5 thousand sq km is approximately equal to the area of such countries as Belgium, Netherlands or Denmark. By area, Baikal ranks eighth among world’s largest lakes.
Lake Baikal contains 1/5 of the world’s reserves of surface waters of the Earth (except ice of Antarctica, Greenland, other glaciers), and more than 4/5 of the fresh waters of Russia.
Every year the lake produces 60 cubic kilometers of pure, biologically active water. Across the Angara river, this water enters the World ocean. According to the head of the International Foundation “Baikal – world heritage” Larisa Kahawai, “to harmonize the World’s oceans ‑ one of the purposes of Baikal”. She believes that scientists Limnology look in the depths of Baikal “Oka”, as iridodiagnostic look in the eyes of a man, and get information about what is happening in the earth’s waters.
From space the topography of the Baikal bottom visible to a depth of 500 meters. It is also the most transparent lake in the world, to compare with which can only be the Sargasso sea. “Drive Saki”, the standard water transparency is visible in different places of lake Baikal at a depth of 40-45 m. the Secret of the Baikal phenomenon of purity is a tiny crustacean endemic epishura, a miniature relative of the shrimp. Every year this “nurse” filters half-meter surface water layer, recycling all the dead organics, as well as providing water with oxygen.
Emotional coloring of the Baikal Day is always the same – an expression of love and gratitude to the lake, admired for its beauty and grandeur. But there is celebration and different meaning – to remind you of the problems that threaten the lake.
The ecological condition of the largest freshwater lake on the planet in previous decades has caused great concern among Russian and international environmental organizations. The main threat to the lake was considered launched in 1966, the Baikal pulp and paper plant in September 2008, at the request of the Ministry of natural resources switched to the closed water cycle.
In October 2008, the Baikal pulp and paper mill (BPPM) was stopped because of unprofitability. In conditions of falling prices for unbleached pulp production at BPPM became unprofitable, and bleached pulp enterprise can not produce after switched to the closed water cycle, eliminating the discharge of polluted effluents into the lake.
However, in January 2010, the government has excluded the production of pulp, paper and cardboard from the list of activities prohibited in Central ecological zone of Baikal natural territory, which opened the way for the resumption of operation of the mill. BPPM has started to test the equipment and made some test batches of unbleached pulp in a closed loop water circulation. In may the company produced a trial batch of viscose bleached pulp within the framework of an open water circulation. Since the beginning of July 2010 the mill resumed operations after a year and a half of downtime.
Currently, the territorial Department of water resources and the office of Rosprirodnadzor in the Irkutsk region are conducting monitoring of business’s impact on the environment according to the established schedule – since the resumption of activities to the designed capacity.
September 8, 2010 in the framework of VI Baikal economic forum took place the presentation of the Federal target program “Protection of lake Baikal and socio-economic development of the Baikal natural territory”. The program is designed until 2020 and its implementation will need about 59 billion, of which more than 49 billion will be allocated from the Federal budget.
The programme will be addressed several environmental problems. One of the most important tasks – elimination of different kind of waste, will be built to this rubbish recycling plants and landfills.
To solve the problem of waste treatment will be directed almost two thirds of all funds. The rest of the money will go toward the restoration of contaminated areas, prevention of fires, the preservation of rare animals and plants, strengthening coastlines and the creation of a unified state system of environmental monitoring.