The biggest lake in Italy killed plastic – KaliningradToday
In Italy the water in the largest lake of the country Garda shimmers in the sunlight. The lake serves as a magnet for many tourists, although the Italians have long not bathe in it.
He who rejoices in pure, clear waters of lake Garda, certainly not knows what floating in its depths, he floats in the plastic. Up to 1000 of tiny plastic particles contained in the water of the lake is one square meter.
Plastic everywhere. He is practical, durable and inexpensive. The ideal material. And continue to produce. That’s just the omnipresence of plastic creates a problem. Because this material currently can be found in frightening quantities where least wanted: in the oceans, all the rivers and lakes.
The so-called micro-plastic in the form of subtle particles everywhere in the water. As previously thought, the main consumers are the shellfish, fish and crustaceans, but as recently discovered by scientists – and the man himself.
The artificial particles is greater than zooplankton
Even in products such as honey and beer scientists revealed the presence of microplastics, will soon be investigated, and drinking water. It should be emphasized that this is done only now. Factories continue to produce tons of various synthetic materials. Not surprisingly, the problem was sooner or later to arise. Just about this yet no one cared, commented on the news Agency Rainbow at the European Fund “Green front”.
Several years ago studies were conducted. They showed a high content of plastic waste in the major sources of drinking water in Europe: lake Geneva, the Rhine, the Elbe and the Danube.
Christian Labors from the University of the German city of Bayreuth, who led the research, in particular, and on lake Garda, he was appalled by the results of water analyses. 1000 dust particles per 1 square meter – this number corresponds to almost the same mass as in the sea.
According to an Austrian study on the Danube to the Black sea is transported annually about 1,500 tons of waste of artificial origin. There is no river, no lakes without plastic. This is a harsh European reality.
Waste from the factory for the production of synthetic materials go into the Danube
In the beginning, scientists sounded the alarm: in the Danube has more plastic than fry. The authorities explained the situation by the fact that shortly before the inspection due to heavy rains caused leakage of waste from the factory for the production of synthetic materials.
It’s not yet clear where the garbage appears in the seas and rivers. It is clear that each plastic piece, thoughtlessly discarded into the environment, increases the severity of the problem.
It is growing, and will continue to grow. People around the world, as before, produces hundreds of thousands of tons of plastic, and since this material is virtually indestructible, the environment will continue to accumulate in itself of this waste production. Every year out into the ocean, according to preliminary estimates, up to 8 million tons of such waste.
Artificial particles detected in 170 species
It seems that scientists themselves are amazed at how quickly the micro-plastic has returned to the point from which it was released: to man, as well as the impact on marine life, which first confronted with its negative consequences.
The micro-plastic so far 170 species. and each type reacts to it in different ways. If it is eaten by sea birds, they soon starve as the plastic clogs the stomach and the place for normal food. In a similar way suffer molluscs and crustaceans.
Who is the fish and shellfish that consume the micro-plastic. That’s just about the effects of this substance on the human organism so far known so little. Some of the dangers the chemicals that are formed during the decomposition of the material is unknown. This is a case of delayed evaluation technologies with global effects.