South America is the fourth but the largest continent on Earth. Its Northern shores are washed by the warm waters of the Caribbean sea, and the extreme southern tip of the island of Tierra del Fuego, divided between Argentina and Chile, lies in a cold, stormy Atlantic ocean. On the continent presents a great diversity of landscapes and climatic zones. Hot dusty steppe of the pampas stretch through the cattle country of Argentina and Uruguay. In the West tower of the mighty Andes, with cool fertile valleys, where coffee grows. Hot tacama desert of Northern Chile is one of the driest places on the planet. In Brazil, in the Amazon basin, the stretch impassable green jungle. There are in South America and vast lakes, and tall waterfalls, and rocky Islands.
The most humid of the continents. High mountains causes a variety of climates, the presence of altitudinal zonation. Equatorial zone occupies the Amazonian lowlands and the North-West coast. In the tropical zone of the Eastern part is influenced by the trade winds, on the coast of a lot of rainfall (2,000 mm), the difference in summer and winter, t minor. In the interior the rainfall is considerably less (1000-500 mm). The Pacific coast is under the influence of the cold Peru current. Here is one of the driest places in the world (the Atacama desert).
Subtropical zone. The Eastern part is humid Continue reading
The largest lake of the Balkan Peninsula — Skadar — is located on the territory of two States, and the majority (around 2/3 of the lake) this unique natural site belongs to Montenegro, and the rest — Albania. From both countries the lake and the surrounding land are considered strictly protected and are under state protection, so the Montenegrin coast of Skadar lake was declared a national Park.
Location: lake Skadar is located in the South-Eastern part of Montenegro on the land of three municipalities: Podgorica. Cetinje and Bar .
The main wealth of the Skadar lake — its unique flora and fauna
Skadar lake is situated in Zeta-Skadar valley, between the Dinaric highlands on one side and the mountain range Prokletije. Its length — is 43 km and width is 26 km. It has an elongated nature, an extremely rugged coastline, much of which is swampy, and the many Islands (up to 50). The average depth of the lake — 6 m, although there are areas with depth up to 60 meters (underwater keys or «eye»). The surface area of the lake varies from 390 km2 in the dry seasons up to 530 km2 at the high water period, such a spill due to the low water level and large swampy lowlands along the edges of the lake.
The lake has a flowing Continue reading
The Teletskoye lake is situated between 51° 2′ 46″ and 51° 48′ 36″ North latitude and between 87° 14′ 40″ and 87° 50′ 54″ East longitude (from Greenwich), in the North-Eastern part of the Gorno-Altai Autonomous region (Altai Krai of the RSFSR).
Among the lakes of the USSR Teletskoye occupies a special position and is of great interest primarily for its geological (origins), morphology (the structure of the lake baths), morphometric (digital characteristics size and shape of lake basins), hydrological (physical and chemical properties of water) and biological characteristics.
Teletskoye lake is located at an elevation of 436 meters above sea level. In this respect, among the large lakes of our country it is inferior to Sevan (the height of 1914 meters), Issyk-Kul (1609 m) and lake Baikal (elevation 456 meters), but is higher than the other lakes. The amplitude of the height of the lakes fluctuates within about 5 kilometers. So, one of the highest located lakes of Hora in Tibet lies at an altitude of 4400 metres above sea level and the Dead sea in Palestine — at 392 meters Continue reading